Via Pier Antonio Micheli 3 - 50121 Firenze - Map
Until 31 March
Saturday and Sunday: 10 am - 4 pm
From April 2019
Tuesday to Sunday incl public holidays: 10 am - 6.30 pm
Closing days: Mondays, 1 January, Easter, 1 May, 15 August, 25 December
Single ticket € 3,00
Family (1-2 adults with max 4 children) € 13,00
Personal ticket (valid for 1 year, with a maximum of 30 entires) € 30,00
Combination ticket (valid for 3 months for the Sections of Anthropology, Paleontology and Botanical Gardens): full price € 10,00 | concession € 5,00 | family € 23,00
Free entry: under 6 years of age; students of the universities of Tuscany (Florence, Pisa, Normale, Sant’Anna, Siena and Siena for Foreigners); employees in the University of Florence; Erasmus students at the universities of Tuscany; students of the Fine Arts Academy of Florence; members of ICOM (International Council of Museum) and ANMS (Associazione Nazionale Musei Scientifici); people with disabilities and their carers; registered tourist guides; registered journalists; teachers and class assistants of visiting school classes; Edumuseicard members.
Booking is mandatory for groups of 10 people or more.
The Museum of Natural History is part of the Firenze Card circuit.
The Botanical Gardens, called also “Giardino dei Semplici”, created by the Medicis as a garden for medicinal plants (the Semplici) in 1545, are among the oldest Gardens in the world.
«A Public Place where … they cultivated plants originating from the most varied countries and climates so that the young Students could, in a circumscribed area, learn to recognize them quickly and easily.» (Luca Ghini, 1543).
Throughout the sixteenth century and the following century, this garden had a period of great splendor and was enriched with many rare plants gathered around the world.
It covers an area of over two hectares, indoors and outdoors.
In its warm and cold greenhouses, built in the nineteenth century and the largest in Italy, are placed tropical and subtropical plants including the collections of Cicadee, of particular interest, Ficus, Palms, an ancient collection of citruses, succulent and aquatic plants, in addition to a rich collection of plants for traditional ethnobotanical uses.
Outdoors we find the vast collection of food plants. Particularly important from an educational point of view, there is a reconstruction, in three flowerbeds, of an Italian garden, with a rich collection of ancient and modern roses that unfolds throughout the garden. Worthy of mention are also the flowerbeds of medicinal and poisonous plants, with particular reference to the Tuscan territory, the oriental flowerbed with a Zen garden and two acclimatization beds for exotic palms. There are also three display cases with a small educational collection on carnivorous plants and, in front of the imposing Sughera, in a flower bed, a seasonal exhibition is set up during spring with the evocative Ferns collection.
There are 94 monumental trees, among which the yew planted in 1720, the most ancient specimen in the Garden, and the cork tree planted in 1805.
There are also a number of fascinating thematic paths: there is the evolution one, showing various species of vascular plants with numerous "living fossils" and the path of ancient and modern roses and finally the sensory, tactile and olfactory ones specially designed for our sight-impaired visitors.
After the serious damage caused by the storm in September 2014, the Giardino dei Semplici has activated and concluded a crowdfunding campaign that allowed the planting of almost 500 flowering plants around the four access gates of the Garden. Such interventions have, in fact, given new life to the Gardens.
Itineraries for persons with disabilities
A dedicated itinerary for the sight impaired winds through the open gardens and in the large cold and warm greenhouses. The itinerary, sponsored by the Municipality of Florence, was financed in part by Regione Toscana with the contribution of the Braille printing house that took care of the creation of all the tags and maps in Braille, and the Italian Union for the Blind.
The path starts with a series of pots of aromatic plants placed along Via La Pira, on bright green plinths, built at a suitable height so that the plants can be touched and smelled easily.
Afterwards, an outdoors path was made with a Braille general map of the Garden as well as tags, some placed at the base of older or larger trees, others with synthetic explanations about the theme beds, others at the entrance and inside the thematic small greenhouses and the large cold and warm greenhouses with explanations on the main collections of the Garden.
There is also a special path in the warm greenhouse dedicated to medicinal and poisonous plants, fiber plants, spices and edible tropical plants.