Zoology, Anatomical Wax Models, Tribune of Galileo, Mineraliter, Skeletons Hall, Astronomy Tower
Via Romana 17 - 50125 Firenze - Map
1 January - 30 June
1 September - 31 December
Tuesday to Sunday 9 am - 5 pm
1 July - 31 August
Tuesday to Thursday: 9 am - 5 pm
Friday to Sunday: 9 am - 1 pm
Closing days: Mondays, 1 January, Easter, 1 May, 15 August, 25 December
full price: € 6,00*
concession: € 3,00
family (1-2 adults with max 4 children): € 13,00
Concession: children 6 to 14 years old - seniors 65 y.o. and over - Italian school groups up to high school with a letter from the school;
Free entry: under 6 years of age; students of the universities of Tuscany (Florence, Pisa, Normale, Sant’Anna, Siena and Siena for Foreigners); employees in the University of Florence; Erasmus students at the universities of Tuscany; students of the Fine Arts Academy of Florence; members of ICOM (International Council of Museum) and ANMS (Associazione Nazionale Musei Scientifici); people with disabilities and their carers; registered tourist guides; registered journalists; teachers and class assistants of visiting school classes; Edumuseicard members.
* Joint promo with “La Specola” and Galileo Museum
Visitors with a full price ticket of either of the two museums can access the other paying only concession price.
The Museum of Natural History of Florence is in the Firenze Card circuit.
Access, guided tours and bookings
Please note that due to the peculiarity of the exhibits and the high demand, special arrangements apply to the following sections of the 'La Specola' Museum:
Anatomical Wax Models halls
(except for the Obstetrics Wax Models hall).
These can be accessed with a guided tour only at the extra cost of €3.00 per person.
Guided tour hours:
Tuesday to Friday | 11.30 am, 12 noon, 3 pm, 3.30 pm
Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays | 11.30 am, 12 noon, 12.30 pm, 1 pm, 3 pm, 3.30 pm
For groups of 10 to 15 people booking is mandatory.
For guided tours at other times booking is mandatory. An additional fee is applicable.
Skeletons Hall and Astronomy Tower
These sections can be visited by reservation only.
Tribune of Galileo
It is freely accessible anytime during the opening hours of the museum. No ticket purchase is necessary.
Please note: Hall XIX - Birds Collection is temporarily closed due to urgent maintenance works.
The visiting itinerary
"La Specola" was opened to the public in 1775 and is one of the oldest scientifical museums in Europe. It contains over 3.5 million animals, 5,000 of which are exposed to the public, the world's largest collection of eighteenth-century anatomical waxes, the unique collection of Sicilian wax modeller Gaetano Giulio Zumbo (1656-1701) and numerous osteological findings.
The Zoological Collection, on the second floor, unfolds throughout the various rooms from the Invertebrates to the more evolved Mammals. Here are exhibited some naturalized specimens recently acquired and others of ancient preparation such as the hippopotamus that, donated to the Grand Duke in the second half of the eighteenth century, lived for some years in the Boboli Gardens.
On the same floor, there are 1,400 pieces of the extraordinary collection of anatomical wax models. They were made between the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century with the aim of obtaining a real educational-scientific treatise that, without the need to resort to the direct observation of a corpse, would illustrate the anatomy of the human body. Extraordinary is the "Venus", famous for its beauty and because it was conceived as a model with detachable parts.
The Tribune of Galileo, amazing and majestic, placed on the 1st floor, is a rare example of neoclassical architecture. It was built and inaugurated in 1841 to celebrate Galileo, experimental science and give a worthy place to the famous objects that belonged to the scientist and his followers including two telescopes and the objective lens of the telescope with which Galileo discovered the satellites of Jupiter. Renaissance instruments and those of the Accademia del Cimento were placed in special display cabinets. Currently, all objects are kept at the Museo Galileo in Florence.
On the first floor, it is possible to visit an important part of the University's mineralogical collections in the new exhibition Mineraliter. Wonderful stones between the Medicis and Nature, which offers an extraordinary selection of worked stones belonging to the Medici family, flanked by an exhibition of aesthetic minerals coming from Italy and all over the world.
The Skeletons Hall (Salone degli Scheletri), on the ground floor, hosts the Osteological Collection with 3,000 exhibits, one of the most important in Italy. These findings belong to modern animals, especially Mammals, and not fossils. On the ceiling, there are three extraordinary skeletons of Cetaceans. In the centre of the Hall stands the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) and the large skeleton of the Indian elephant (Elephas maximus) described by Linnaeus.
Designed at the end of the 18th century, the Torrino was an astronomical observatory. Composed of various rooms, it has its core in the Sala della Meridiana (the sundial hall) where the passages of the celestial bodies were observed and in the Upper Octagonal Hall from which the 360-degree observations of the sky were made.
The Torrino houses a sample of objects from the Medici collections: bowls, vases, ornamental objects and ethnographic objects; wax models of life-size plants and flowers dating back to the 18th century, some sheets of Central and Cesalpino Herbaria and two paintings by Bartolomeo Bimbi.